Short Biography of Peter the Great

Peter the Great, also known as Peter I, was the Tsar of Russia from 1682 until his death in 1725. He is considered one of the most important figures in Russian history, and he is credited with modernizing and westernizing the country. Peter the Great traveled extensively throughout Europe, studying the military, naval and administrative systems of other countries, which he then brought back to Russia. He built a strong, centralized government and a powerful standing army, and established a navy that could compete with those of other European powers. He also expanded Russia's territory, including by winning the Great Northern War, which expanded Russia's access to the Baltic Sea. He reorganized the government and the Russian Orthodox Church, and introduced many Western-style reforms to Russia, including modernizing the legal system, education, and the calendar.