Indian History 1800-1900 AD

Indian History 1800-1900 AD

1800 to 1900 AD in Indian history saw the decline of the Mughal Empire, the rise of British colonial rule, and numerous revolts and resistance movements.

Key events:

The Second Anglo-Maratha War (1803-1805) resulted in British control over much of India
The Indian Rebellion of 1857, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny, saw Indian soldiers rise against the British
The British Crown took over administration of India from the East India Company in 1858
The Indian National Congress was founded in 1885 to demand greater rights and representation for Indians
The First War of Indian Independence in 1857 failed, but it demonstrated the desire for independence from colonial rule
In the cultural sphere, Indian society underwent significant changes as British rule introduced modern education and communication systems, leading to the development of a new Indian identity and the growth of nationalism. The introduction of new technologies, such as the telegraph and printing press, also brought about significant changes.

Overall, the 1800 to 1900 AD period in Indian history marked a time of significant change and transition, laying the foundations for the struggle for independence in the 20th century.