Indian History 1200-1300 AD

Indian History 1200-1300 AD

The period from 1200 to 1300 AD in Indian history saw several important events and changes. Some of these include:

Delhi Sultanate: The Delhi Sultanate was established in 1206, with the rule of the Mamluk dynasty. Over the next few centuries, several other dynasties ruled over the Delhi Sultanate, including the Khilji, Tughlaq, and Sayyid dynasties.

Invasion of Genghis Khan: In 1221, the Mongol emperor Genghis Khan invaded the northwestern regions of India, resulting in widespread destruction.

Arrival of the Khwarazmian dynasty: The Khwarazmian dynasty, a Turkic dynasty from Central Asia, briefly ruled over parts of northwestern India in the early 13th century.

Development of Sufism: Sufism, a mystical form of Islam, continued to spread and flourish in India during this period. Several Sufi saints and orders, including the Chishti and Suhrawardi orders, gained prominence.

Establishment of the Vijayanagara Empire: In the South, the Vijayanagara Empire was established in 1336, and lasted for three centuries. It was a Hindu dynasty that resisted the Muslim invasion of the South.

Growth of Bhakti Movement: The Bhakti Movement, which emphasized devotion to a personal deity, grew in popularity during this period. Many Bhakti saints, including Kabir and Nanak, rose to prominence and made important contributions to Indian spirituality and culture.

These events and changes had a profound impact on the history and culture of India, shaping the country's identity and direction for centuries to come.