Indian History 1100-1200 AD

Indian History 1100-1200 AD 

The period between 1100-1200 AD in Indian history was marked by the decline of the Rajput kingdoms and the rise of the Delhi Sultanate. During this time, several Turkish and Afghan invaders, such as Mohammad Ghori and Qutub-ud-din Aibak, established their rule over various parts of India.

This period also saw the arrival of Sufism, a mystical form of Islam, and the growth of Bhakti movement, which emphasized devotion and the worship of a personal deity. The famous poet and saint, Amir Khusrau, lived during this time and was a notable figure in both Sufism and Bhakti movement.

In terms of architecture, this period saw the construction of several famous buildings, such as Qutub Minar and Alai Darwaza, both located in Delhi. This period also marked the beginning of the Indo-Islamic style of architecture, which combined Indian and Islamic styles to create a unique hybrid.

Overall, the period between 1100-1200 AD was a crucial juncture in Indian history, marked by political turmoil, cultural synthesis, and artistic growth.

During this period, the Rajput kingdoms of northern India were facing internal strife and external invasions, leading to their decline. The Delhi Sultanate, established by the Turkish and Afghan invaders, was marked by frequent changes in power and the establishment of Muslim rule over large parts of India.

The arrival of Sufism and Bhakti movement brought new religious and cultural influences to India. Sufism emphasized the spiritual aspects of Islam and the pursuit of a personal connection with God, while Bhakti movement focused on devotion and the worship of a personal deity. These movements had a significant impact on Indian society and culture, and are still influential in modern India.

In terms of architecture, the construction of famous buildings like Qutub Minar and Alai Darwaza reflected the growing influence of the Delhi Sultanate and the fusion of Indian and Islamic styles. These structures are now considered architectural masterpieces and are major tourist attractions.

The period between 1100-1200 AD was also marked by intellectual and literary achievements. Poets like Amir Khusrau wrote in both Persian and Hindavi, and his works played a significant role in popularizing Sufism and Bhakti movement. The period also saw the growth of the Urdu language, which is a fusion of Turkish, Persian, and Hindavi.

In conclusion, the period between 1100-1200 AD in Indian history was a time of political, religious, and cultural transformation. Despite the challenges of invasions and the establishment of foreign rule, this period also saw the growth of new cultural and artistic traditions that continue to shape India today.